The Mitral valve is the opening through which blood flows from the left auricle to the left ventricle. It allows the transfer of oxygenated blood to be transferred. The oxygenated blood is then pumped from the left ventricle to other parts of the body. Mitral valve stenosis is a form of valvular disorder affecting the mitral valve. Due to this condition, the mitral valve is narrowed, preventing the efficient transfer of blood from the atria to the ventricle. The symptoms of mitral stenosis include:-
The proper functioning of the body depends on the oxygen supply to different parts of the body. Due to stenosis, the distribution of oxygenated blood to different body parts is compromised. As a result of such oxygen depletion, the muscles cannot perform properly and develop fatigue. Lactic acid develops in the muscles, which causes cramps- a side effect of fatigue. Therefore, if a person suffers from fatigue, it might be considered a symptom of mitral valvular stenosis.
Shortness of breath
Mitral valve stenosis results in oxygen depletion of the body. To cope up with the oxygen requirements of the body, the patient will breathe in more. This will result in a condition called shortness of breath. The patient will also show exertion during breathing. Due to this excess exertion, it might also lead to coughing. Such actions are involuntary, controlled by the body itself. If the patient suffers from all these symptoms, it is important that he or she went to some cardiologist and does the required check-ups.
Heavy coughing and formation of blood-stained mucus
Due to the excess exertion and coughing, blood-stained mucus can also be produced. Mitral stenosis produces excess pressure during the transfer of blood from the auricle to the ventricle. Such pressure can be transferred to other parts of the body leading to bleeding. If the patient spits blood-stained mucus, then it might be a symptom of mitral valvular stenosis. In such cases, the patient must visit a cardiologist for proper treatments.
How to treat mitral valve stenosis?
The best way to treat mitral stenosis is to opt for replacement surgery or mitral valve repair. Such techniques are done to repair the defective mitral valve. In general, simple invasive techniques are used to take care of the damaged valve. The surgeon removes the valve and replaces it with new tissue. A mechanical object can also be used for replacement. One thing to be kept in mind is that the patient has to be kept on an anticoagulant for the rest of his or her life.
Mitral stenosis can result from genetic factors or diseases. However, it is important to get it cured at the earliest. If you develop the symptoms, make sure you visit a cardiologist and get it treated quickly.