About autoimmune disease

A neurologist is a specialist who treats diseases of the nervous system. Top 10 Neurologists in Turkey treat illnesses, disorders, as well as injuries that involve the nervous system. Neurologists manage and treat neurological conditions or problems linked with the nervous system. In case you experience below listed symptoms, then you should contact neurologist as soon as possible:

  • coordination problems
  • a change in sensation
  • confusion
  • muscle weakness
  • dizziness

People who experience problems linked with senses, counting touch, vision, or else smell, you should see an expert neurologist. There are many problems with senses that are due to nervous system disorders. Best Neurosurgeon in Turkey also treat patients with:

  • seizure disorders, like epilepsy
  • stroke
  • multiple sclerosis
  • neurodegenerative disorders
  • spinal cord disorders counting inflammatory as well as autoimmune disorders
  • neuromuscular disorders
  • infections of the nervous system
  • headaches, like cluster headaches, migraine

About autoimmune disease

An autoimmune disease is a medical condition in which the immune system mistakenly attacks your body. Generally, the immune system of the human bodyguards against germs like bacteria as well as viruses. Normally, the immune system can also differ amid foreign cells as well as your own cells. In case you are detected with the condition ,  the immune system mistakes your body parts like joints or skin, as foreign and releases proteins called auto antibodies that attack healthy cells.

Common autoimmune diseases

However, there are more than eighty autoimmune diseases and have listed some common ones below :

  • Type 1 diabetes

In type 1 diabetes, the immune system attacks and damages  insulin producing cells that reside in the  pancreas. High blood sugar leads to damage in the blood vessels, along with other organs counting kidneys, heart, eyes, and nerves.

  • Rheumatoid arthritis

It is the condition in which the immune system attacks the joints, and that leads to warmth, redness, stiffness, and soreness in joints. It is different from osteoarthritis that mainly affects older people and can start with 30 or sooner.

  • Psoriasis arthritis

It is also one of the common immune system disorders in which skin cells grow and shed when they are not needed. This condition causes skin cells to multiply too quickly. About 30 percent of people with psoriasis cases develop pain, swelling, stiffness in their joints. This form is also known as psoriatic arthritis.

  • Multiple sclerosis

It is an immune system disorder that damages the myelin sheath, which is a protective coating that surrounds nerve cells. This damage slows the transmission speed of messages that are in the midst of the brain and spinal cord to the rest of your body. This damage shows many symptoms, including balance issues, numbness, weakness, as well as trouble walking.

  • Inflammatory bowel disease

Inflammatory bowel disease is a condition that causes inflammation in the lining of the intestinal wall. However, each type of IBD affects a different part of the GI tract.

  • Celiac disease

Celiac disease is a condition in which patients cannot eat foods that contain gluten, which is a protein found in wheat, rye as well as other grain products.

Symptoms of Autoimmune disease

There are many symptoms like swelling, fatigue, muscle aches, as well as redness, which could be signs of an autoimmune disease. However, symptoms might come and go over time. The early symptoms of almost all autoimmune diseases are very similar, like:

  • swelling and redness
  • fatigue
  • achy muscles
  • low-grade fever
  • hair loss
  • trouble concentrating
  • numbness and tingling in the hands and feet
  • skin rashes

Risk factors for autoimmune disorders

The exact causes of autoimmune disorders are still unknown, but some risk factors are listed below:

Genetics – Many autoimmune disorders run in families as family members can be affected by different disorders, like diabetes or else rheumatoid arthritis.

Environmental factors – A family’s risk of autoimmune disorders may be connected to common environmental factors that work jointly with genetic factors.

Gender – Women are more likely to have autoimmune disorders in comparison to men.

Sex hormones – Autoimmune disorders are more probabily can strike during the childbearing years. Some autoimmune disorders are also affected by many hormonal changes counting pregnancy, childbirth as well as menopause.

Infection – Many disorders seem to be triggered or else worsened by specific diseases.

The autoimmune diseases are a severe set of conditions that differ in terms of severity and can also be life-threatening too. You should consult the Best Neurosurgeon in Turkey to get treated as soon as possible.

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